NHPC developing Dibang Multipurpose Project for Indian Power Sector
Dibang Multipurpose Project – New Delhi: The National Hydropower Corporation (NHPC), through its hydropower projects around the country, is committed to helping India meet its renewable energy goals. Hydropower projects contribute not just to India’s energy security, but also to the environment’s long-term viability. NHPC has been a responsible corporate citizen and ecologically attentive in all elements of hydropower development and operation during its journey of adding 22 hydropower facilities with an aggregate capacity of 6971 MW. The proposed 2880 MW Dibang Multipurpose Project in Arunachal Pradesh would be at the forefront of this endeavor.
Apart from green energy generation and flood mitigation in downstream areas of Arunachal Pradesh and Assam, the Dibang Multipurpose Project will be critical in bringing total prosperity to the region in terms of infrastructure development and socio-economic development.
After conducting the necessary due diligence and meeting all regulatory conditions, the Dibang Project was granted forest clearance. It is also noted that the project does not intrude upon any national park in the region. In 15.04.2015, the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MOEF&CC), Government of India, awarded in-principle approval of Forest Clearance (FC-I) under the Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980, with none of the proposed reservoir’s banks designated as national parks. Prior to FC-I, the Central Government’s Forest Advisory Committee (FAC) reviewed the proposal for an extra study to match power generation with forestland requirements. In this investigation, the ideal condition was found to be when the height of the dam was dropped by 10 m, resulting in a reduction of around 500 acres.
In September 2019, NHPC deposited an amount of Rs. 628.68 crore in the State Compensatory Afforestation Fund Management and Planning Authority (CAMPA) account, towards Net Present Value (Rs. 380.08 crore), Compensatory Afforestation (Rs. 213.44 crore), Catchment Area Treatment Plan (Rs. 23.95 crore), and Wildlife Management Plan (Rs. 11.21 crore), as well as an additional sum of Rs. 211.5 lakh towards Zonal Wildlife Conservation.
Dibang Multipurpose Project by NHPC
After the State Government submitted a compliance report as required under FC-I, MoEF&CC issued the final approval of Forest Clearance (FC-II) on 12.03.2020. It’s worth noting that the Mehao Wildlife Sanctuary and the Dibang Wildlife Sanctuary are 14 and 35 kilometres away from the project’s reservoir boundary, respectively. As a result, no section of these sanctuaries will be harmed as a result of development or submergence.
Once the project is up and running, the Environment Management Plans, as well as the protection measures indicated in the Forest Clearance requirements, will be executed in due course in coordination with the State Government and other expert bodies.
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